INTERNATIONAL HEALTH AND RESEARCH COMPANY
www.ihrc.co
   
Original Article Top
Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Indian Dental Surgeons towards Tobacco Control p. 01 - 06
Roshni Duparea, Romi Jaina, Nikhil Bhanushalia, Ankit Desaib, Puneet Kumar, Arun Dupared
DOI:10.4103/0972-124X.6   
Background: Aim: To assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice among the dentist in giving tobacco cessation advice to the patients. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Mumbai, India. A self-administered structured questionnaire was used to obtain information on tobacco use and its health effects, as well as on the knowledge and practices of smoking cessation, from 400 dentists. Results: The prevalence of tobacco usage among the dentists was 9.6%. Of the 400 dentists, 331 (82.8%) asked their patients whether they used tobacco, and 232 (58%) maintained records. When the physicians were questioned regarding the obstacles to smoking cessation interventions, 192 (48%) cited poor knowledge of the issue, 128 (32.5%) cited a lack of time, and 22 (5.5%) cited unavailability of NRT. Conclusion: There is still a lack of practice in all the components of smoking cessation advice. A 4A model of cessation advice (ask, advice, assist and arrange for follow up) should be introduced to the dentists in their curriculum.
[ABSTRACT]   [HTML Full text]   [PDF]   [Mobile Full text]   [EPub]   [Sword Plugin for Repository]Beta
Review Article Top
Advent and Impact of Pictorial Warnings on Tobacco Products: A Global Scenario p. 07 - 12
Monalisa, Aruna CN, Padma K Bhat, Saumya Ojha
DOI:10.4103/0972-124X.7   
Background: Warning labels on tobacco products are an effective way of communicating the consequences of tobacco use and bring about behavioral changes like quitting and reducing the tobacco consumption. Research studies in developed countries have shown that large and colorful and scary image warnings placed on the tobacco products are more effective in informing consumers and nonusers. The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), first to be adopted under WHO's Article 19, is one of the most quickly ratified treaties in United Nations history, states that warnings and messages should be 50% or more of the principal display areas but shall be no less than 30% of the principal display areas, of the tobacco packets, and may be in the form of or include pictures or pictograms”. Evidence from countries like Canada, Brazil, Thailand, and New Zealand have shown that placement of pictorial warnings has motivated smokers to quit the habit, in these countries. On October 15, 2014, India’s Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MOHFW) announced that pictorial warnings would cover 85% of the principal display areas (both sides at the top edge) of tobacco packages, of which 60% would consist of specified pictorial warnings and 25% would consist of the text warning. More research and policy are needed for warning labels on tobacco products other than cigarettes. As more low and middle income countries implement similar policies, research findings in these areas will enrich the evidence on effective health warning labels.
[ABSTRACT]   [HTML Full text]   [PDF]   [Mobile Full text]   [EPub]   [Sword Plugin for Repository]Beta
Review Article Top
The Influence of Tobacco on Oral Health: A Review Study p. 13 - 16
Debjit Dhamali, Desai Ankur, Anirudh Singh, Mali Sheetal, Pawar Abhijit, Anita Thakur
DOI:10.4103/0972-124X.8   
Background: Tobacco is a major risk factor for oral cancer, oral mucosal lesions, periodontal disease, gingival recession, dental caries and success rate of periodontal surgery. Quitting tobacco results in decreased risk for oral diseases. This article reviews the effects of tobacco on oral health, including the impact of tobacco on periodontium, periodontal and orthodontic therapy. Smoking causes gingival recession and oral mucosal lesions. Smoking has an adverse effect on all forms of periodontal therapy. There is an alteration in the microflora and/or host response. There is a direct relationship with the prevalence of dental caries. Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) also causes dental caries in children. Tobacco chewing is presumably a positive contributing factor for higher incidence of dental caries. The facts presented in this paper will help dental health professionals in treatment-planning decisions and provide them with important information to share with patients who use tobacco products.
[ABSTRACT]   [HTML Full text]   [PDF]   [Mobile Full text]   [EPub]   [Sword Plugin for Repository]Beta
Review Article Top
Tobacco Economics - An Insight into Indian Scenario p. 17 - 21
Poornima Chandra, Prashanth Rajaram
DOI:10.4103/0972-124X.9   
Background: Millions of people die due to consumption of tobacco each year. Tobacco is also associated with cardiovascular, vascular, respiratory and neoplastic disorders. As a result of this, there has been a lot of discussion regarding tobacco control and its impact on global economics. Health care professionals and tobacco industries are in constant argument regarding the effect of tobacco control on economics of the world. A number of studies done on tobacco economics have proven that medical costs of tobacco use are much more than the revenue generated from sale and taxes of tobacco products. This review article intends to discuss the economics of tobacco which includes cultivation, sales, exports and cost of tobacco-related diseases with emphasis on Indian scenario.
[ABSTRACT]   [HTML Full text]   [PDF]   [Mobile Full text]   [EPub]   [Sword Plugin for Repository]Beta
Case Report Top
Prosthodontic Rehabilitation of a Patient with Oral Submucous Fibrosis: A Case Report p. 22 - 25
Marathe Ashlesha S, Kshirsagar Prasad S, Shirsekar Vinayak U, Shukla Khyati B
DOI:10.4103/0972-124X.10   
Background: OSMF is a chronic precancerous condition characterized by inflammation and progressive fibrosis of lamina propria. It is a disease of unknown origin commonly prevalent in Indian population. It is associated with genetic predisposition, infectious and viral agents, carcinogens, immunological factors, tobacco chewing, consumption of chillies, deficiency of iron and B complex, smoking, alcohol, tobacco etc. Reduced mouth opening, decreased saliva, muscle rigidity and inelastic tissues pose a huge challenge for the dentist during prosthetic rehabilitation in such cases. This case report describes prosthodontic management of a patient with OSMF with complete denture designed to fulfil the patient’s needs and requirements.
[ABSTRACT]   [HTML Full text]   [PDF]   [Mobile Full text]   [EPub]   [Sword Plugin for Repository]Beta