Review Article
ADDRESSING BARRIERS TO TOBACCO CESSATIONp. 17 - 21
Manish Kumar, Aruna CN, Padma K. Bhat, Shafi Ahmad
DOI:10.4103/0972-124X.19
Background:Tobacco control research conceptualises smoking initiation not as a single event, but as a process that occurs through a series of stages. Despite the high prevalence of tobacco use among people with substance use disorders, tobacco dependence is often overlooked in addiction treatment programs. Barriers that contribute to the lack of attention given to this important problem include staff attitudes about and use of tobacco, lack of adequate staff training to address tobacco use, unfounded fears among treatment staff and administration regarding tobacco policies, and limited tobacco dependence treatment resources. Specific clinical, program, and system-level changes are recommended to fully address the problem of tobacco use among alcohol and other drug abuse patients
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Original Article Top
KNOWLEDGE AND PERCEIVED BARRIERS TOWARDS TOBACCO CESSATION COUNSELLING AMONG DENTAL PROFESSIONALS IN INDIA p. 01 - 04
Priya Nair,Pragya Daga, Dimple K. Tirale, Nikita Lunawat, A.Aarthi Iyer, Rubi Gupta
DOI:10.4103/0972-124X.16   
Background: The health consequences and economic cost of tobacco use are extensive. Tobacco use has a significant impact on general and oral health. As members of an important health profession, dentists have a duty to promote oral health and healthy lifestyles among their patients, by raising their awareness about the harmful effects of tobacco on health and guiding them in conquering tobacco addiction.Materials and methods: The survey was conducted during the period of January 2016 to June 2016 from the Department. The institutional ethical approval was obtained prior to the start of the study. The calculated sample size was 250 at 95% confidence level and 5% confidence interval. 250 registered dentists practicing across the 14 districts in Chhattisgarh were included to meet the prior determined sample size. The structured questionnaire consisted of questions pertaining to attitudes toward smoking cessation, practices in smoking cessation, and barriers to smoking cessation. A four-point Likert scale of "not at all," "to some extent," "considerable extent," and "great extent" was used to indicate their degree of agreement and involvement in smoking cessation attitudes and practices, respectively. Four main barriers to smoking cessation as identified in previous studies - lack of training, lack of remuneration, lack of time, and fear of losing patients – were listed and the dentists were asked about their degree of agreement or disagreement.
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Original Article Top
ATTITUDE OF DENTAL STUDENTS TOWARDS TOBACCO CESSATION SERVICES IN INDIA- A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY p. 05 - 08
Makrand Sapat, Mukesh Kumar Kashyap, Prachet Dakshinkar, Shrenik Oswal,Kshipra Tiwari, Dipmala Bhowmik
DOI:10.4103/0972-124X.17   
Background: Dentists have a duty to promote oral health and healthy lifestyles among their patients, by raising their awareness about the harmful effects of tobacco on health and guiding them in conquering tobacco addiction. Students demonstrate competence in tobacco cessation counseling as part of the clinical practical examination in comprehensive risk assessment. The aim of the study was to examine the attitudes of these dental students toward tobacco cessation counseling. Materials and methods: The study area was the Dental colleges in Chhattisgarh, India. The study population for the study was comprised of third year, final year, and interns of two different Dental colleges chosen randomly to collect the data. The questionnaire includes socio demographic information (gender and study level), and questions on attitudes, awareness of smoking cessation, willingness to provide cessation services, and barriers to smoking cessation advice in the Dental setting. Additionally, questions were asked about attitude and opinions regarding current level of interest in receiving training and introduction of Tobacco cessation course in Dental curriculum.
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Review Article Top
IMPACT OF MEDIA ON TOBACCO USE p. 09 - 16
Saumya Ojha, Prasanna Kumar YS, Padma Bhat, Monalisa
DOI:10.4103/0972-124X.18   
Background: A major public health challenge of this century is finding a way to harness the powerful influence of the media to curtail tobacco use. Human beings have been using tobacco since 600 A.D. It was introduced in India by Portuguese. According to WHO, tobacco is the single largest preventable risk factor for various diseases including premature deaths and disability around the world. India is the second largest tobacco consumer, and third largest tobacco producer, in the world. Tobacco use, though perceived as an individual habit, often acquires a ritualistic character involving group behaviour. Media communications play a key role in shaping tobacco-related knowledge, opinions, attitudes, and behaviors among individuals and within communities Studies reflect that media can play role in both increasing and decreasing the exposure of tobacco among the different at risk group. On one hand, media can shape and reflect social values about smoking can provide new information about smoking directly to audiences, can act as the source of observational learning by providing models which teenagers may seek to emulate; exposure to media messages about smoking also provides direct reinforcement for smoking or not smoking.
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Review Article Top
ADDRESSING BARRIERS TO TOBACCO CESSATION p. 17 - 21
Manish Kumar, Aruna CN, Padma K. Bhat, Shafi Ahmad
DOI:10.4103/0972-124X.19   
Background: Tobacco control research conceptualises smoking initiation not as a single event, but as a process that occurs through a series of stages. Despite the high prevalence of tobacco use among people with substance use disorders, tobacco dependence is often overlooked in addiction treatment programs. Barriers that contribute to the lack of attention given to this important problem include staff attitudes about and use of tobacco, lack of adequate staff training to address tobacco use, unfounded fears among treatment staff and administration regarding tobacco policies, and limited tobacco dependence treatment resources. Specific clinical, program, and system-level changes are recommended to fully address the problem of tobacco use among alcohol and other drug abuse patients.
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Review Article Top
DEMOGRAPHIC AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPLICATIONS OF TOBACCO CONSUMPTION-A REVIEW ARTICLE p. 22 - 28
Ashish Sharma, Akanksha Goyal, Sunita Agarwal, Suman Bhansali
DOI:10.4103/0972-124X.20   
Background: Various studies in India world-wide had proven that Tobacco consumption has increased to such a deadly level globally. It has been proved that long term consumption of Tobacco leads to various diseases leads to loss of life. Tobacco does not only affect the consumer but all the group of people surrounding him or her. Besides various Tobacco control measures by various organizations and individuals, uninhibited consumption of Tobacco is continuing. Behind Tobacco consumption time to time researches has been conducted to determine various factors leading to use of tobacco and reasons of failure of interventions conducted to change the behavior of people leads to quitting. Studies to understand the general Psychology of a consumer of Tobacco and non-consumer also been carried out to identify the difference of situation and various factors which leads to consumption so this inequality of factors can be removed leading to change in behavior. This review article has attempted to throw light on various specific factors such as Demographic and Socio-economic factors and encompasses all the other small factors which lead to Tobacco consumption.
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