Original Article
ATTITUDE OF DENTAL STUDENTS TOWARDS TOBACCO CESSATION SERVICES IN INDIA- A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDYp. 05 - 08
Makrand Sapat, Mukesh Kumar Kashyap, Prachet Dakshinkar, Shrenik Oswal,Kshipra Tiwari, Dipmala Bhowmik
DOI:10.4103/0972-124X.17
Background:Dentists have a duty to promote oral health and healthy lifestyles among their patients, by raising their awareness about the harmful effects of tobacco on health and guiding them in conquering tobacco addiction. Students demonstrate competence in tobacco cessation counseling as part of the clinical practical examination in comprehensive risk assessment. The aim of the study was to examine the attitudes of these dental students toward tobacco cessation counseling. Materials and methods: The study area was the Dental colleges in Chhattisgarh, India. The study population for the study was comprised of third year, final year, and interns of two different Dental colleges chosen randomly to collect the data. The questionnaire includes socio demographic information (gender and study level), and questions on attitudes, awareness of smoking cessation, willingness to provide cessation services, and barriers to smoking cessation advice in the Dental setting. Additionally, questions were asked about attitude and opinions regarding current level of interest in receiving training and introduction of Tobacco cessation course in Dental curriculum
CurrentIssue

INTERNATIONAL HEALTH AND RESEARCH COMPANY
www.ihrc.co
   Table of Contents - Current issue
Original Article Top
Assessment of Knowledge Regarding Hazards of Tobacco use among Indo Tibetan Border Police Personnel Stationed at Bhanu, Panchkula (Haryana): A Cross-sectional Study 1
Karandeep Singh Sandhu1, Nidhi Gupta2, Preety Gupta3, Wasim Sajad Bhat4, Aarti Kumari5, Sandeep Sidhu
DOI:10.4103/0972-124X.25   
Background: ABSTRACT Introduction: Tobacco is a serious threat to health and ranks second as a cause of death globally. The worldwide tobacco-related mortality rate reached up to 4 million per year in 1998 and is expected to become 10 million per year in 2030. This is more than the total deaths from tuberculosis, malaria, maternal, and major childhood conditions combined. Objective: The aim is to assess the level of knowledge regarding hazards of tobacco use among Indo Tibetan Border Police personnel stationed at Bhanu, Panchkula (Haryana). Methodology: This study design was a cross‑sectional study conducted at ITBP Station, Bhanu, Panchkula. Data involve 120 ITBP police personnel from different ranks from different states of India; the pilot study was done with 10% of a total sample size. The study data were collected through pre-tested structured questionnaire. Before collecting the data, the written informed consent was obtained from the ITBP personnel. Based on the objective, the data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results: The 16.7% of ITBP personnel had the average knowledge and 80.8% were had good knowledge about the hazards of tobacco use.
[Word]   [HTML Full text]   [PDF]   [ABSTRACT]   [Mobile Full text]   [EPub]   [Sword Plugin for Repository]Beta
Review Article Top
Motivational Interviewing: A Treatment Philosophy in Anti-tobacco Counseling 2
Mayurnath T Reddy1 , Antarika Gogoi2 , Arunav Gogoi3
DOI:10.4103/0972-124X.26   
Background: Motivational interviewing is grounded in a respectful stance with focus on building rapport in anti-tobacco counselling and also is widely applicable in all forms of counselling. Many counselling models rely heavily on therapist insight and directive advice, in MI patients themselves do much of the psychological work. It focuses on exploring and resolving ambivalence and centres on motivational process within the individual that facilitate change. Once the learner has a degree of incentive to learn or change behaviour, the information or skills must be presented in a manner that will allow the learner to retain the knowledge and reinforce skills. Key words: Anti-tobacco counselling, Motivational interviewing, Smoking, Tobacco, Tobacco-cessation How to cite this article: Reddy MN, Gogoi A, Gogoi A. Motivational Interviewing: A Treatment Philosophy in Anti- tobacco Counseling. Int J Tob Oral Health 2017;3(1):5-8. Source of support: Nil Conflict of interest: None INTRODUCTION Learning is a dynamic process that involves the motiva- tion to learn and knowledge retention, reinforcement, and transference. All learners must have a motivation to accept new motivation or skills. Once the learner has a degree of incentive to learn or change behavior, the information or skills must be presented in a manner that will allow the learner to retain the knowledge and rein- force skills. Positive reinforcement occurs with a positive outcome and can lead to increased self-efficacy. Negative reinforcement occurs with a bad outcome and can come from the instructor or from natural results of behavior
[Word]   [HTML Full text]   [PDF]   [ABSTRACT]   [Mobile Full text]   [EPub]   [Sword Plugin for Repository]Beta
Review Article Top
Tobacco Cessation and Dental Practitioner’s Attitudes in Clinical Practice: A Review 3
Mandar Todkar1 , Mukesh Panwar2 , Pritam Yadav3 , Pradip Chauhan4 , Raghvendra Kumar5 , Mayank Das6
DOI:10.4103/0972-124X.27   
Background: ABSTRACT Many dental institutes have integrated tobacco cessation into their curriculum. However, dental practitioner’s perceptions should be taken into consideration when designing those cur- riculum. The aim of this review was to comprehensively review the published literature on dental practitioner’s attitudes and perceptions regarding tobacco cessation. The research review conducted a literature data search for articles using the online databases such as Medline, Cochrane Library, and PubMed. Each abstract and/or article was reviewed for literature; data were extracted from all articles. The majority of studies were cross-sectional, and there was wide variation in the measure- ment of dental practitioner’s attitudes. Overall, the majority of dental practitioner’s reported believing that it is within the scope of dental practice to address tobacco use with patients, but there was variability in terms of the practice of specific tobacco cessation strategies. The most common perceived barrier was patient resistance or lack of motivation. The majority of dental practitioners were interested in being trained in tobacco cessa- tion. The findings suggest that dental practitioner will respond positively to receiving tobacco cessation education while in dental institutes and that educators should include strategies to help future dentists deal with patient resistance. Future stud- ies should focus on the development of a validated measure of dental practitioner’s attitudes toward tobacco cessation and longitudinal, multi-institutional research that can provide more generalizable findings. Keywords: Dental education, Dental practitioners, Tobacco cessation education, Tobacco use cessation, Tobacco.
[Word]   [HTML Full text]   [PDF]   [ABSTRACT]   [Mobile Full text]   [EPub]   [Sword Plugin for Repository]Beta
Review Article Top
Need for Emphasis of Existing Knowledge of Herbal Cigarettes - A Review Article 4
Vinit Patil1 , Rajendra Baad2 , Nupura Vibhute3 , Uzma Belgaumi4 , Vidya Kadashetti5 , Sushma Bommanavar6
DOI:10.4103/0972-124X.28   
Background: ABSTRACT In recent times, due to heavy levying of taxes on smoking form of tobacco herbal cigarettes have gained increased popularity as a non-smoking aid in the Indian population. Fewer studies have been conducted to know its efficacy as a tool for smok- ing cessation. This article will shed more light on the need of emphases of existing scientific evidence of health effects of herbal cigarettes. Keywords: Herbal cigarette, Smoking aids, Smoking cessation. How to cite this article: Patil V, Baad R, Vibhute N, Belgaumi U, Kadashetti V, Bommanavar S. Need for Emphasis of Existing Knowledge of Herbal Cigarettes - A Review Article. Int J Tob Oral Health 2017;3(1):15-17. Source of support: Nil Conflicts of interest: None INTRODUCTION Tobacco cultivation dates backward to 6000 BC. The car- cinogenic properties of tobacco were documented in the 1800s, but it was in the 20th century, the role of tobacco and smoke exposure in the growing pandemic of vari- ous malignancies was fully appreciated.[1] Tobacco smoking is one of the causes of the incidence and mortality of cancer in the world.[2] It is responsible for about 25% of all cancers in men, 4% of all cancers in women and about 16% of all cancers in both sexes in most developed countries and 10% in less developed countries.[3] Despite thousands of studies showing that tobacco in all its forms kills its users, and smoking cig- arettes kills non-users, people continue to smoke, and deaths from tobacco use continue to increase.[4]
[Word]   [HTML Full text]   [PDF]   [ABSTRACT]   [Mobile Full text]   [EPub]   [Sword Plugin for Repository]Beta
Review Article Top
Menthol Flavored in Smoking Tobacco and Tobacco Commencement, Addiction, and Cessation: A Literature Review 5
Mandar Todkar1 , Mukesh Panwar2 , Heram Singh3 , Avnica Agrawal4 , Mayank Das5 , Saurabh Shukla6
DOI:10.4103/0972-124X.29   
Background: ABSTRACT Menthol is the most widely used tobacco additive. Furthermore, menthol is one of the most preferred flavors of electronic cig- arettes. Although there has been a steady decrease in ciga- rette smoking, the use of electronic cigarettes is increasing at an alarming rate with the use. The purpose of the review was to estimate the menthol flavored in smoking tobacco regard- ing tobacco commencement, addiction, and cessation. The review undertook with search of the peer-reviewed literature using a databases as PubMed was obtained. The prevalence of menthol cigarette use is higher in youth than the adults. The youth initiates are significantly more likely to use menthol cig- arettes than youth who have smoked longer than a year. The young smokers are likely to remain with their starter type of cigarette over time. The tobacco industry has long understood the appeal of menthol cigarettes as starter products for youth. The adult menthol smokers report a shorter time to first cig- arette than non-menthol smokers. Despite the limitations of this review, we concluded that the removal of menthol from cigarettes is likely to reduce youth smoking initiation, improve smoking cessation outcomes in adult smokers, and in turn, benefit public health. Keywords: Adverse effects, Cessation, Cigarette Smoking, Dependence, Menthol, Public health, Tobacco use. How to cite this article: Todkar M, Panwar M, Singh H, Agrawal A, Das M, Shukla S. Menthol Flavored in Smoking Tobacco and Tobacco Commencement, Addiction, and Cessation: A Literature Review. Int J Tob Oral Health 2017;3(1):18-22. Source of support: Nil Conflicts of interest: None
[Word]   [HTML Full text]   [PDF]   [ABSTRACT]   [Mobile Full text]   [EPub]   [Sword Plugin for Repository]Beta
Original Article Top
KNOWLEDGE AND PERCEIVED BARRIERS TOWARDS TOBACCO CESSATION COUNSELLING AMONG DENTAL PROFESSIONALS IN INDIA p. 01 - 04
Priya Nair,Pragya Daga, Dimple K. Tirale, Nikita Lunawat, A.Aarthi Iyer, Rubi Gupta
DOI:10.4103/0972-124X.16   
Background: The health consequences and economic cost of tobacco use are extensive. Tobacco use has a significant impact on general and oral health. As members of an important health profession, dentists have a duty to promote oral health and healthy lifestyles among their patients, by raising their awareness about the harmful effects of tobacco on health and guiding them in conquering tobacco addiction.Materials and methods: The survey was conducted during the period of January 2016 to June 2016 from the Department. The institutional ethical approval was obtained prior to the start of the study. The calculated sample size was 250 at 95% confidence level and 5% confidence interval. 250 registered dentists practicing across the 14 districts in Chhattisgarh were included to meet the prior determined sample size. The structured questionnaire consisted of questions pertaining to attitudes toward smoking cessation, practices in smoking cessation, and barriers to smoking cessation. A four-point Likert scale of "not at all," "to some extent," "considerable extent," and "great extent" was used to indicate their degree of agreement and involvement in smoking cessation attitudes and practices, respectively. Four main barriers to smoking cessation as identified in previous studies - lack of training, lack of remuneration, lack of time, and fear of losing patients – were listed and the dentists were asked about their degree of agreement or disagreement.
[Word]   [HTML Full text]   [PDF]   [ABSTRACT]   [Mobile Full text]   [EPub]   [Sword Plugin for Repository]Beta
Original Article Top
ATTITUDE OF DENTAL STUDENTS TOWARDS TOBACCO CESSATION SERVICES IN INDIA- A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY p. 05 - 08
Makrand Sapat, Mukesh Kumar Kashyap, Prachet Dakshinkar, Shrenik Oswal,Kshipra Tiwari, Dipmala Bhowmik
DOI:10.4103/0972-124X.17   
Background: Dentists have a duty to promote oral health and healthy lifestyles among their patients, by raising their awareness about the harmful effects of tobacco on health and guiding them in conquering tobacco addiction. Students demonstrate competence in tobacco cessation counseling as part of the clinical practical examination in comprehensive risk assessment. The aim of the study was to examine the attitudes of these dental students toward tobacco cessation counseling. Materials and methods: The study area was the Dental colleges in Chhattisgarh, India. The study population for the study was comprised of third year, final year, and interns of two different Dental colleges chosen randomly to collect the data. The questionnaire includes socio demographic information (gender and study level), and questions on attitudes, awareness of smoking cessation, willingness to provide cessation services, and barriers to smoking cessation advice in the Dental setting. Additionally, questions were asked about attitude and opinions regarding current level of interest in receiving training and introduction of Tobacco cessation course in Dental curriculum.
[Word]   [HTML Full text]   [PDF]   [ABSTRACT]   [Mobile Full text]   [EPub]   [Sword Plugin for Repository]Beta
Review Article Top
IMPACT OF MEDIA ON TOBACCO USE p. 09 - 16
Saumya Ojha, Prasanna Kumar YS, Padma Bhat, Monalisa
DOI:10.4103/0972-124X.18   
Background: A major public health challenge of this century is finding a way to harness the powerful influence of the media to curtail tobacco use. Human beings have been using tobacco since 600 A.D. It was introduced in India by Portuguese. According to WHO, tobacco is the single largest preventable risk factor for various diseases including premature deaths and disability around the world. India is the second largest tobacco consumer, and third largest tobacco producer, in the world. Tobacco use, though perceived as an individual habit, often acquires a ritualistic character involving group behaviour. Media communications play a key role in shaping tobacco-related knowledge, opinions, attitudes, and behaviors among individuals and within communities Studies reflect that media can play role in both increasing and decreasing the exposure of tobacco among the different at risk group. On one hand, media can shape and reflect social values about smoking can provide new information about smoking directly to audiences, can act as the source of observational learning by providing models which teenagers may seek to emulate; exposure to media messages about smoking also provides direct reinforcement for smoking or not smoking.
[Word]   [HTML Full text]   [PDF]   [ABSTRACT]   [Mobile Full text]   [EPub]   [Sword Plugin for Repository]Beta
Review Article Top
ADDRESSING BARRIERS TO TOBACCO CESSATION p. 17 - 21
Manish Kumar, Aruna CN, Padma K. Bhat, Shafi Ahmad
DOI:10.4103/0972-124X.19   
Background: Tobacco control research conceptualises smoking initiation not as a single event, but as a process that occurs through a series of stages. Despite the high prevalence of tobacco use among people with substance use disorders, tobacco dependence is often overlooked in addiction treatment programs. Barriers that contribute to the lack of attention given to this important problem include staff attitudes about and use of tobacco, lack of adequate staff training to address tobacco use, unfounded fears among treatment staff and administration regarding tobacco policies, and limited tobacco dependence treatment resources. Specific clinical, program, and system-level changes are recommended to fully address the problem of tobacco use among alcohol and other drug abuse patients.
[Word]   [HTML Full text]   [PDF]   [ABSTRACT]   [Mobile Full text]   [EPub]   [Sword Plugin for Repository]Beta
Review Article Top
DEMOGRAPHIC AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPLICATIONS OF TOBACCO CONSUMPTION-A REVIEW ARTICLE p. 22 - 28
Ashish Sharma, Akanksha Goyal, Sunita Agarwal, Suman Bhansali
DOI:10.4103/0972-124X.20   
Background: Various studies in India world-wide had proven that Tobacco consumption has increased to such a deadly level globally. It has been proved that long term consumption of Tobacco leads to various diseases leads to loss of life. Tobacco does not only affect the consumer but all the group of people surrounding him or her. Besides various Tobacco control measures by various organizations and individuals, uninhibited consumption of Tobacco is continuing. Behind Tobacco consumption time to time researches has been conducted to determine various factors leading to use of tobacco and reasons of failure of interventions conducted to change the behavior of people leads to quitting. Studies to understand the general Psychology of a consumer of Tobacco and non-consumer also been carried out to identify the difference of situation and various factors which leads to consumption so this inequality of factors can be removed leading to change in behavior. This review article has attempted to throw light on various specific factors such as Demographic and Socio-economic factors and encompasses all the other small factors which lead to Tobacco consumption.
[Word]   [HTML Full text]   [PDF]   [ABSTRACT]   [Mobile Full text]   [EPub]   [Sword Plugin for Repository]Beta